William Shatner O.C. (born March 22nd, 1931) is a Canadian actor, author, producer, director, screenwriter, and singer. In his seven decades of television, Shatner has become a cultural icon for his portrayal of Captain James Tiberius Kirk of the USS Enterprise in the original series of the Star Trek franchise. He has written many books recounting his experiences playing Captain Kirk, being a part of Star Trek, and life after Star Trek. He has also co-written several novels set in the Star Trek universe, and a series of science fiction novels called TekWar, that was later adapted for television.

Shatner also played the eponymous veteran police sergeant in T. J. Hooker (1982–1986) and hosted the reality-based television series Rescue 911 (1989–1996), which won a People's Choice Award for the Favourite New TV Dramatic Series. Shatner also appeared in seasons 4 and 5 of the NBC series 3rd Rock from the Sun as the "Big Giant Head" that the alien characters reported to.

From 2004 until 2008, he starred as attorney Denny Crane both in the final season of the legal drama The Practice and in its spin-off series Boston Legal, a role that earned him two Emmy Awards. He appeared in both seasons of the comical NBC real-life travelogue with other male companions "of a certain age" in Better Late Than Never, from 2016 to 2017. Shatner has also pursued a career in music and spoken-word recordings since the late 1960s, having released eight albums.

Shatner was born in the Notre-Dame-de-Grâce neighbourhood of Montreal, Quebec, Canada to a Conservative Jewish household. His parents were Ann and Joseph Shatner, a clothing manufacturer. He has two sisters, Joy and Farla. His paternal grandfather, Wolf Schattner, anglicised the family name to "Shatner". All of Shatner's four grandparents were Jewish immigrants. They came from Austria-Hungary and the Russian Empire (from locations of present-day Ukraine and Lithuania).

Shatner attended two schools in Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, Willingdon Elementary School and West Hill High School, and is an alumnus of the Montreal Children's Theatre. He studied Economics at the McGill University Faculty of Management in Montreal, Canada, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Commerce degree. In June 2011, McGill University awarded him an honorary Doctorate of Letters. Shatner was also awarded an honorary Doctorate of Letters from New England Institute of Technology in May 2018.

Shatner was cast as Captain James T. Kirk for the second pilot of Star Trek, titled "Where No Man Has Gone Before". He was then contracted to play Kirk for the Star Trek series and held the role from 1966 to 1969. During its original run on NBC, the series pulled in only modest ratings and was cancelled after three seasons. In his role as Kirk, Shatner famously kissed actress Nichelle Nichols in November 22, 1968, Star Trek episode, "Plato's Stepchildren". The episode is popularly cited as the first example of a kiss between a white man and a black woman on scripted television in the United States. In 1973, he returned to the role of Captain Kirk, albeit only in voice, in the animated Star Trek series.

Shatner has enjoyed success with a series of science fiction novels published under his name, though most are widely believed to have been written by uncredited co-writers such as William T. Quick and Ron Goulart. The first, published in 1989, was TekWar, which Shatner claims he developed initially as a screenplay during a Writers Guild strike that delayed production of Star Trek V: The Final Frontier. The series of books led to four TekWar television movies, in which Shatner played the role of Walter Bascom, the lead character's boss. A short-lived television series followed, airing on USA Network and Sci-Fi Channel in the United States and CTV in Canada, in which Shatner made several appearances in the Bascom role and directed some of the episodes.

Shatner has been married four times. His first marriage, to Gloria Rand, produced three daughters: Leslie, Lisabeth and Melanie. Rand and Shatner married on August 12, 1956. Shatner left Rand while he was acting in Star Trek: The Original Series, after which she divorced him in March 1969. Shatner's second marriage was to Marcy Lafferty (daughter of producer Perry Lafferty) and lasted from 1973 to 1996.

His third marriage was to Nerine Kidd Shatner, from 1997 until her death in 1999. On August 9, 1999, Shatner returned home around 10:00 pm to discover Nerine's body at the bottom of their backyard swimming pool. She was 40 years old. An autopsy detected alcohol and Valium in her blood, but the coroner ruled the cause of death as an accidental drowning. The LAPD ruled out foul play, and the case was closed.

Speaking to the press shortly after his wife's death, a clearly shaken and emotional Shatner said that she “meant everything” to him and called her his “beautiful soulmate”. Shatner urged the public to support Friendly House, a non-profit organisation that helps women re-establish themselves in the community after suffering from alcoholism and drug addiction. He later told Larry King in an interview that “my wife, whom I loved dearly, and who loved me, was suffering from a disease that we don't like to talk about: alcoholism. And she met a tragic ending because of it.”

In 2000, a Reuters story reported that Shatner was planning to write and direct The Shiva Club, a dark comedy about the grieving process inspired by his wife's death. Shatner's 2004 album Has Been included a spoken-word piece titled “What Have You Done” that describes his anguish upon discovering his wife's body in the pool.

In 2001, Shatner married Elizabeth Anderson Martin. In 2004, she co-wrote the song "Together" on Shatner's album Has Been. Shatner filed for divorce from Elizabeth in 2019.

Shatner dislikes watching himself perform and says that he has never watched any Star Trek or Boston Legal episodes nor any of the Star Trek movies except while editing Star Trek V: The Final Frontier which he directed, although his book Star Trek Memories makes reference to his having attended the gala premiere of Star Trek: The Motion Picture and watching episodes of Star Trek.

Awards and honours:
  • 1980, 1983 Saturn Award winner
  • 1990 double Golden Raspberry Award winner
  • 2004, 2005 Emmy Award winner
  • 2005 Golden Globe Award winner
  • 2009 Prism Award winner
  • 2009 Streamy Award – Best Reality Web Series.
  • Television Hall of Fame inductee (class of 2006).
  • 2011 Governor General's Performing Arts Award
  • 2011 Honorary doctorate of Letters from McGill University, his Alma mater.
  • 2014 NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal – highest award NASA gives a non-government employee.
  • 1983 Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
  • 2000 Star on Canada's Walk of Fame
  • 2015 Voice Arts Icon Award
  • 2019 Appointed an Officer of the Order of Canada by Canadian Governor General Julie Payette.

Audiobooks:
  • 2008: Up till Now – with David Fisher – (read by William Shatner
  • 2011: Shatner Rules – with Chris Regan – (read by William Shatner
  • 2016: Leonard: My Fifty-Year Friendship with a Remarkable Man – with David Fisher – (read by William Shatner)
  • 2018: Live Long And . . .: What I Learned Along the Way – with David Fisher – (read by William Shatner)

Fiction Bibliography:
  • The TekWar series, co-written with Ron Goulart
  • TekWar (1989)
  • TekLords (1991)
  • TekLab (1991)
  • Tek Vengeance (1993)
  • Tek Secret (1993)
  • Tek Power (1994)
  • Tek Money (1995)
  • Tek Kill (1996)
  • Tek Net (1997)
  • Star Trek series, with Judith and Garfield Reeves-Stevens
  • Star Trek: The Ashes of Eden, 1995
  • Star Trek: The Return, 1996
  • Star Trek: Avenger, 1997
  • Star Trek: Spectre, 1998
  • Star Trek: Dark Victory, 1999
  • Star Trek: Preserver, 2000
  • Star Trek: Captain's Peril, 2002
  • Star Trek: Captain's Blood, 2003
  • Star Trek: Captain's Glory, 2006
  • Star Trek: The Academy—Collision Course, 2007
  • War series
  • Man o' War, 1996
  • The Law of War, 1998
  • Quest for Tomorrow series
  • Delta Search, 1997
  • In Alien Hands, 1997
  • Step into Chaos, 1999
  • Beyond the Stars, 2000
  • Shadow Planet, 2002
  • Believe (with Michael Tobias), 1992
  • Comic book adaptations
  • William Shatner's TekWorld (129 pages, February 1994)
  • Star Trek: The Ashes of Eden, DC Comics graphic novel
  • Samuel Lord Series
  • Zero-G: Book 1, with Jeff Rovin, 2016
  • Zero-G: Green Space , with Jeff Rovin, 2017
  • Non-fiction Bibliography
  • Captain's Log: William Shatner's Personal Account of the Making of "Star Trek V: The Final Frontier", as told by Lisabeth Shatner
  • Star Trek Memories, with Chris Kreski, 1993
  • Star Trek Movie Memories, with Chris Kreski, 1994
  • Get a Life! with Chris Kreski, 1999
  • Star Trek: I'm Working on That: A Trek from Science Fiction to Science Fact, with Chip Walker, 2002
  • Up till Now: The Autobiography, with David Fisher, 2008
  • Shatner Rules, with Chris Regan, 2011
  • Leonard: My Fifty-Year Friendship with a Remarkable Man, with David Fisher, 2016
  • Spirit of the Horse: A Celebration in Fact and Fable, with Jeff Rovin, 2017
  • Live long And ...: What I Might Have Learned Along the Way, with David Fisher, 2018

Film Career:
  • 1957 Oedipus the King
  • 1958 The Brothers Karamazov
  • 1961 Judgement at Nuremberg
  • 1961 The Explosive Generation
  • 1962 The Intruder
  • 1964 The Outrage
  • 1965 Incubus
  • 1968 White Comanche
  • 1971 Vanished
  • 1973 Pioneer Woman
  • 1974 Impulse
  • 1974 Big Bad Mama
  • 1975 The Devil's Rain
  • 1976 A Whale of a Tale
  • 1977 Kingdom of the Spiders
  • 1978 Land of No Return
  • 1978 The Third Walker
  • 1979 Star Trek: The Motion Picture
  • 1980 The Kidnapping of the President
  • 1982 Air-plane II: The Sequel
  • 1982 Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan
  • 1982 Visiting Hours
  • 1984 Star Trek III: The Search for Spock
  • 1986 Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home
  • 1989 Star Trek V: The Final Frontier
  • 1991 Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country
  • 1993 Loaded Weapon 1
  • 1994 Star Trek Generations
  • 1995 Trinity and Beyond
  • 1998 Land of the Free
  • 1998 Free Enterprise
  • 2000 Miss Congeniality
  • 2000 Falcon Down
  • 2001 Mind Meld: Secrets Behind the Voyage of a Lifetime
  • 2001 Osmosis Jones
  • 2002 Shoot or Be Shot
  • 2002 American Psycho 2
  • 2002 Showtime
  • 2002 Groom Lake
  • 2004 DodgeBall: A True Underdog Story
  • 2005 Miss Congeniality 2: Armed and Fabulous
  • 2005 Lil' Pimp
  • 2006 The Wild
  • 2006 Over the Hedge
  • 2006 Stalking Santa
  • 2008 Gotta Catch Santa Claus
  • 2009 Fanboys
  • 2009 William Shatner's Gonzo Ballet
  • 2010 Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey
  • 2010 Horrorween
  • 2011 The Captains
  • 2013 Escape from Planet Earth
  • 2015 A Christmas Horror Story
  • 2015 A Sunday Horse
  • 2015 When Elephants Were Young
  • 2016 Range 15
  • 2016 Creators: The Past
  • 2016 Malevolent
  • 2017 Batman vs. Two-Face
  • 2019 Devil's Revenge

Television Career:
  • 1954 The Canadian Howdy Doody Show
  • 1955 Encounter
  • 1957 Studio One
  • 1957–1960 Alfred Hitchcock Presents
  • 1959 Nero Wolfe
  • 1960 One Step Beyond
  • 1960–1963 The Twilight Zone
  • 1961 Thriller
  • 1961–1965 The Defenders
  • 1962 Naked City
  • 1963 Route 66
  • 1964 The Outer Limits
  • 1964 The Man from U.N.C.L.E.
  • 1965 The Fugitive
  • 1965 For the People
  • 1965 Twelve O’clock High
  • 1965–1969 The Virginian
  • 1966 The Big Valley
  • 1966 Gunsmoke
  • 1966 Dr. Kildare
  • 1966–1969 Star Trek: The Original Series
  • 1970 Sole Survivor
  • 1970 The Andersonville Trial
  • 1970–1974 Ironside
  • 1971–1972 Owen Marshall: Counsellor at Law
  • 1972 Mission: Impossible
  • 1972 The Hound of the Baskervilles
  • 1972 The People
  • 1972 Hawaii Five-O
  • 1972 The Sixth Sense (TV series)
  • 1973–1974 Star Trek: The Animated Series
  • 1973 Incident on a Dark Street
  • 1973 The Horror at 37,000 Feet
  • 1973 Barnaby Jones
  • 1973 Mannix
  • 1973 Go Ask Alice
  • 1974 The Six Million Dollar Man
  • 1974 Flick Flack
  • 1974 Kung Fu
  • 1974 Kung Fu
  • 1974 Pray for the Wildcats
  • 1974 Indict and Convict
  • 1975–1976 Barbary Coast
  • 1976 The Tenth Level
  • 1976 Columbo
  • 1977 The Oregon Trail
  • 1977 Testimony of Two Men
  • 1977 Mysteries of the Gods
  • 1978 How the West Was Won
  • 1978 Little Women
  • 1978 The Bastard
  • 1978 Crash
  • 1979 Riel
  • 1979 Disaster on the Coastliner
  • 1980 The Babysitter
  • 1982 Police Squad!
  • 1982 The Vegetarian World
  • 1982–1986 T. J. Hooker
  • 1984 Secrets of a Married Man
  • 1985 The Ray Bradbury Theatre
  • 1988 Broken Angel
  • 1989–1996 Rescue 911
  • 1992 The Larry Sanders Show
  • 1993 Family of Strangers
  • 1993 SeaQuest DSV
  • 1994 Columbo
  • 1994–1996 TekWar
  • 1996 Star Trek: Deep Space Nine
  • 1996 Prisoner of Zenda, Inc.
  • 1996 Dead Man's Island
  • 1996 The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air
  • 1998 A Twist in the Tale
  • 1998 Hercules
  • 1999–2000 3rd Rock from the Sun
  • 2002 Futurama
  • 2003 A Carol Christmas
  • 2003 Space Ghost Coast to Coast
  • 2004 The Practice
  • 2004–2008 Boston Legal
  • 2005 Atomic Betty
  • 2005 Comedy Central Roast of William Shatner
  • 2005 Invasion Iowa
  • 2005 How William Shatner Changed the World
  • 2006 Show Me the Money
  • 2007 Everest '82
  • 2007 Fire Serpent
  • 2008–2011 Shatner's Raw Nerve
  • 2010–2011 $h*! My Dad Says
  • 2010 Aftermath with William Shatner
  • 2010–2012 Weird or What?
  • 2011–2012 Psych
  • 2011 Comedy Central Roast of Charlie Sheen
  • 2012 Rookie Blue
  • 2012 Have I Got News for You
  • 2013 Hot in Cleveland
  • 2013 85th Academy Awards
  • 2013 Kelly Clarkson's Cautionary Christmas Music Tale
  • 2014 The Shatner Project
  • 2014 Chaos on the Bridge
  • 2015 Breaking Ground
  • 2015 Murdoch Mysteries
  • 2015 Haven
  • 2015 Clangers
  • 2016 Cutthroat Kitchen
  • 2016–2018 Better Late Than Never
  • 2017 My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic
  • 2017 Private Eyes
  • 2017 The Indian Detective
  • 2019 The Big Bang Theory
  • 2019 Private Eyes